Пентест — метод оценки безопасности компьютерных систем или сетей средствами моделирования атаки злоумышленника. Процесс включает в себя активный анализ системы на наличие потенциальных уязвимостей, которые могут спровоцировать некорректную работу целевой системы, либо полный отказ в обслуживании. Анализ ведется с позиции потенциального атакующего и может включать в себя активное использование уязвимостей системы. Результатом работы является отчет, содержащий в себе все найденные уязвимости системы безопасности, а также может содержать рекомендации по их устранению. Цель испытаний на проникновение — оценить его возможность осуществления и спрогнозировать экономические потери в результате успешного осуществления атаки. Испытание на проникновение является частью аудита безопасности.
A Day In The Life Of A Penetration Tester.
There is demand for experienced IT Security Professionals, especially folk that can defend networks and of course keep prying eyes away from sensitive data, but is the job what most people think it is? Are pentesters (often referred to by the more sexy term ‘ethical hackers’) having a ball, is it a glamorous espionage-type job full of excitement or is it deadly boringor a mix of the above?
Let’s get the definition right straight off the bat: a penetration test that is executed by pentesters is a series of methodologies that are commissioned to evaluate computer and network security by simulating real-life cyber attacks. Simply said, if they find a vulnerability then they have earned their wage and deserve a ‘pat on the back.’ Typically the processes involved are a mix of ‘fun’ and ‘boring’ bits:
The Fun Bits
1. Being able to establish the viability of a particular set of attack vectors (also referred to as an ‘attack-surface’).
2. Researching known vulnerabilities within their clients’ software and hardware stacks.
3. Identifying and patching weaknesses using common pentesting hacking tools (i.e. thinking like a hacker and using their same weapons).
4. Being a legal con-artist through social engineering (i.e. trying to solicit employees passwords etc).
The Boring Bits
1. Auditing the ability through concise (documented) research how network defenders can successfully detect and respond to known cyber attacks.
2. Being able to demonstrate, using evidence, how financial investments will help firm up the clients security profile.
A while back we had a Hacker Hotshot web show with a pentester telling us how he was hired to hack into a well known Las Vegas casino; now that is sexy and cool, but of course, he would have had to document whether he did find vulnerabilities or not. Like every job in the world, there are perks and pros and cons – being a professional penetration tester is no different.
Is It Well Paid?
According to PayScale the average 2013 salary is between $43,279 – $115,574. Not bad. As usual it all depends on experience and specific task knowledge.
A Final Tip and Summary
Specialize is our number one tip. Become the forensics guy, or for example become a financial services penetration tester expert. If you can demonstrate industry know-how with regards to credit card transactions and the ability to firm up financial processes then clearly you will be more in-demand. Alternatively, be a social engineering guru. The weakest link in the IT Security chain is the human. How many ‘dumb’ employees place system admin passwords on a post-it note attached to their monitor and use stupid passwords like ‘password’ – the answer is millions.
If you are new to the information security space then we suggest you learn how to use a Linux Penetration Testing Distro or at least the mostly widely used hacking tools.
Information security certifications? Get qualified and certified? Sure, we’ll leave that up to you to decide if they are worth it(we have a poll on that). If in doubt, take one of our 5 minute practice tests to see if you pass. Although our 5 minute test is a crude benchmark it will give you an insight into your knowledge.
Bottom line – if you are passionate about IT Security and genuinely love it – then go for it and become a professional pentester and we wish you all the luck in the world.
Are you already a pentester? If so we’d love to hear your feedback and comments especially with regards to the accuracy of this post. We censor nothing so be kind or be ‘cruel-to-be-kind!’
Автор By Henry Dalziel и источник: Being a pentester (ethical hacker). What’s it like? Sexy or Boring?.